What can I do if my child or teenager is shortsighted?
Myopia or shortsight is an increasing vision problem worldwide and it is no different in Australia. Traditional corrections like sight correcting lenses do not slow down the increases, and recent studies indicate that in some individuals the progression may even be greater in glasses compared to no glasses at all. The important thing to understand is that progression occurs with and without glasses and can result in more serious eye health consequences in adulthood.
Short-sight or near-sight are common terms for myopia. Put simply, myopia occurs when the eyeball grows long, thus causing distant objects to become blurred. It is a progressive condition throughout childhood and teenage years, slowing down in adulthood. Family history and lifestyle factors both play a part in the progression of myopia.
Gone are the days of “simple sight-correcting glasses” for myopia, says Paul Graham, an Optometrist from Harmony Vision.
Gifted children present interesting challenges when it comes to vision problems. The two main vision problems important to screen and monitor for in this goup of children are shortsight (myopia) and visual dysfunctions.
A recent study monitored axial length in myopic children and found significantly decreased axial length changes in children wearing Ortho-K compared to spectacles. This study was conducted over 5 years and makes a nice addition to the data available so far.